Track and Field is known for running events, but there is so much more that will go on within that oval! The long jump is not a new Olympic event. In reality, it was part of the original Ancient Greek pentathlon, the only jumping event of those games. As the ancient games were used to train for warfare, it is assumed the long jump simulated crossing obstacles in enemy terrain.
Ancient long jumping was performed with the jumper holding weights in both hands and taking off from a really short runway. The weights were used to propel the jumper further by thrusting them forward during the jump to add momentum. On account of the logistics, along with the sheer force needed to propel the body forward, it was one of the more difficult events of the ancient pentathlon.
These days the long jump combines speed, agility, and strength in a push to leap and glide as far as possible in one bound. To enjoy a booming long jump, competitors must have strong approach runs, correctly placed strides on which to take off, and a solid landing. Long Jump Runway are important because participants have to get as close to the foul line as is possible without crossing it.
To compete, participants run down a stretch of track to a foul line, exactly where they jump as far as possible into a sand pit. Using the specifications on the edge of the pit, a mark is made where indent in the sand or gravel is recorded. The competitor with the furthest measure wins. Regardless of how far from the foul line the jumper took off, distance is measured from the foul line.
As with many track and field events, the jumper has three rounds of what the best score is taken into account. In large scholastic and higher level competition, the final round is restricted to just the best jumpers. Generally, they allow the number of competitors to be one other than scoring positions available.